Over the past ten years, a number of backend programming languages and frameworks have emerged to power dynamic and responsive web applications, making significant advancements in web development. Two of the most popular choices for web developers among these are Node.js and Ruby on Rails.
On the other hand, Ruby on Rails is a complete web framework that makes use of the Ruby programming language. It is intended to speed up and improve the effectiveness of web development by prioritising convention over configuration. Several built-in features and tools in Ruby on Rails enable programmers to create complicated applications rapidly, such as an Object-Relational Mapping (ORM) tool that makes it easier to deal with databases.
Both Ruby on Rails and Node.js are widely used in the business and have been used to create numerous well-known websites and applications. For instance, Ruby on Rails is used by Shopify and GitHub whereas Node.js is used to build Airbnb and LinkedIn. Modern online applications and the emergence of microservices architecture have both benefited greatly from these languages.
Moreover, new programming paradigms and patterns have emerged as a result of the use of Node.js and Ruby on Rails, including serverless computing and test-driven development (TDD). While TDD places an emphasis on writing tests before developing code to guarantee that applications are dependable and maintained, serverless computing enables developers to construct applications without worrying about server maintenance.
In conclusion, the two most widely used backend programming languages and frameworks for modern web development are Node.js and Ruby on Rails. They have completely changed how web application developers create them, making it quicker and simpler to create intricate, high-performance apps. These technologies are probably going to keep playing a big part in influencing how the web develops in the future as it continues to develop.