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Java programmes can connect to databases like Oracle, MySQL, and PostgreSQL using the Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) API. It offers a set of standardised interfaces that empowers programmers to create applications that are database independent. Here is a summary of how Java connects to databases using JDBC.

What is JDBC?

SQL databases can be accessed by Java programmes thanks to the JDBC Java API. JDBC offers a collection of classes and interfaces that let programmers communicate with various databases. The JDBC API provides a variety of database tasks, including managing transactions, running SQL statements, and retrieving data.

Why use JDBC for Database Connectivity?

JDBC offers a standardised method for Java programmes to access databases, making it simpler to create applications that are not database-reliant. Developers can create software that communicates with any database that is compatible with the JDBC API by utilising JDBC. JDBC also adds an abstraction layer between the database and the application, making it simpler to update the database without affecting the application code.

How to Use JDBC for Database Connectivity?

You must carry out the following actions in order to connect to databases using JDBC:

Install the JDBC driver: You must first load the JDBC driver for the database you intend to use in order to establish a JDBC connection. The JDBC driver is a piece of software that offers the classes required to communicate with the database.
Build a relationship: The Driver Manager class can be used to connect to the database once the JDBC driver has been loaded. Several methods for connecting to a database are available in the Driver Manager class, including reconnection.().

Execute SQL statements: Using the Statement class, you can carry out SQL statements after you’ve made a connection to the database. The Statement class offers ways to run SQL updates and queries.
Data retrieval: Using the Result Set class, you may get the data after running a query. The methods for iterating over the result set and obtaining the data are provided by the Result Set class.

JDBC in Applications:

Java programmes that need database connectivity frequently use JDBC. Key applications include the following:

Web apps: To connect to databases and get data for display on web pages, JDBC is used in web applications.
Desktop applications: To communicate with databases and carry out tasks like data entry and retrieval, JDBC is utilised in desktop apps.
corporate applications: To control transactions and access databases, JDBC is utilised in corporate applications.


To sum up, JDBC is a crucial part of Java programming that enables programmers to communicate with databases using a standardised API. Developers can utilise the strength and flexibility of JDBC’s set of interfaces and classes to create database-independent applications.

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