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When building web applications, one of the most important tasks is to gather user input in a secure and efficient way. Flask, a Python web framework, provides a simple way to create forms and handle user input through its Flask-Form extension. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at Flask Forms and how they can help you build robust and user-friendly web applications.

What are Flask Forms?

Flask Forms are a set of classes that provide an easy way to create HTML forms and handle user input. Forms in Flask are based on the WTForms library, which is a flexible and powerful form library for Python. Flask Forms make it easy to create forms with various types of fields, such as text fields, password fields, checkboxes, and more.

Creating Flask Forms

To create a Flask Form, you simply create a Python class that inherits from the FlaskForm class provided by the Flask-Form extension. Here’s an example of a simple Flask Form that contains a single text field:

from flask_wtf import FlaskForm
from wtforms import StringField, SubmitField
from wtforms.validators import DataRequired

class MyForm(FlaskForm):
name = StringField('Name', validators=[DataRequired()])
submit = SubmitField('Submit')

In this example, we’re creating a form called MyForm that contains a single field called name. The field is of type StringField, which is a text input field, and we’re using the DataRequired validator to ensure that the field is not empty.

Using Flask Forms

To use a Flask Form in your application, you need to create a route that handles the form submission and renders the form template. Here’s an example of how to handle a form submission and render the template using the render_template function provided by Flask:

from flask import Flask, render_template, request
from myform import MyForm

app = Flask(__name__)
app.secret_key = 'mysecretkey'

@app.route('/', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def index():
form = MyForm()
if form.validate_on_submit():
name = form.name.data
# do something with name
return 'Hello, {}'.format(name)
return render_template('index.html', form=form)

In this example, we’re creating a route that handles both GET and POST requests. If the form is submitted using the POST method, we validate the form using the validate_on_submit method provided by Flask-Form. If the form is valid, we extract the data from the form and do something with it. If the form is not valid, we render the template with the form object.

Best Practices for Flask Forms

When designing Flask Forms, there are several best practices to keep in mind:

  1. Use validation: Use validation to ensure that the user input is valid and meets your requirements.
  2. Use CSRF protection: Use CSRF protection to prevent cross-site request forgery attacks.
  3. Use form rendering libraries: Use form rendering libraries like Flask-Bootstrap or WTForms-Components to simplify the process of rendering forms.
  4. Keep forms simple: Keep forms simple and avoid using too many fields or complex validation.
  5. Test your forms: Test your forms thoroughly to ensure that they work as expected.


Flask Forms provide a simple and efficient way to handle user input in your web applications. By following the best practices outlined in this article, you can create forms that are both user-friendly and secure, making your Flask web application a success.

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