Conditional statements are a crucial component of programming because they enable the programme to carry out several sets of instructions depending on specific circumstances. The if statement and the switch statement are the two primary types of conditional statements used in C programming.


If a specific condition is met, a set of instructions are carried out using the if statement. An if statement’s fundamental grammar is as follows:

for (initialization; condition; increment) {
// code to be executed

In this loop, initialization establishes the loop control variable’s initial value, evaluation of the condition occurs at the start of each iteration, and increment updates the loop control variable at the conclusion of each iteration. As long as the condition is true, the loop’s function runs.

Another sort of loop in C is the while one, which is generally employed when you are unsure of how frequently you want to repeat a specific task. A while loop’s fundamental syntax is as follows:

while (condition) {
// code to be executed

The condition in this loop is tested at the start of each iteration, and the loop’s code is run if the condition is true. The loop is skipped if the condition is false.

In contrast to the while loop, the do-while loop evaluates the condition at the conclusion of each iteration. This ensures that even if the condition is initially false, the function in the loop is always run at least once.

do {
// code to be executed
} while (condition);


In conclusion, loops are a strong programming technique in C that can assist you in carrying out repetitive activities in a clear and effective manner. While the while and do-while loops are used when you don’t know how many times you want to perform a certain operation, the for loop is often used when you know how many times you want to. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each form of loop enables you to select the best loop for a given task and create maintainable, readable code.

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